When a Christian endorses the keeping of God’s law, he is oftentimes labeled by critics as being
“Pharisaical.” Such critics realize that Christ repeatedly
condemned the Pharisees, but they believe that one of the main reasons He
condemned them was because they kept God’s law.
Most everyone knows that the Pharisees are criticized in the New Testament for being “hypocrites.” Yet, in addition to their being hypocrites, many people
believe that the New Testament also criticizes the Pharisees for keeping the law.
Actually, just the opposite is true! Jesus Christ sternly rebuked the Pharisees for not keeping God’s law! He condemned them for being
full of lawlessness! Speaking to the Pharisees, Christ exclaimed, “…you also outwardly appear righteous to
men, but inside you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness”
(Matt.23:28). Christ further rebuked them, on another occasion,
by asking, “Why do you also transgress the commandment of God because of your tradition?” (Matt.15:3). Christ said that the Pharisees were “full of extortion” (Matt.23:25) ---and
we know that “extortion” is contrary to God’s law. He also said that they had the same murderous spirit of
their forbearers who had slain God’s prophets: “you are witnesses against yourselves that
you are sons of those who murdered the prophets” (verse 31).
Let’s now ask the question, “What is righteousness?” The Bible shows that the keeping of
God’s commandments is righteousness!
“…all Your commandments are righteousness” (Ps.119:172). The same thing is shown in the New Testament---as
“lawlessness” and “the righteous” are starkly contrasted with each other in Matt.13: 41-43.
So, with this understanding that the keeping of
God’s commandments is “righteousness,” notice what Christ said to those who would be His followers:
“...unless your righteousness [your commandment keeping] exceeds the righteousness
of the scribes and Pharisees, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven”
Let’s now consider where Christ condemned the Pharisees
for their propensity to “…strain out a gnat and swallow a camel!”
(Matt. 23:24). Why did Christ characterize them this way? Most people
would say it was because of their “law-keeping” that He said this.
Yet, we’ve already seen that Christ did not condemn them for law-keeping---rather,
He condemned them for not keeping God’s law.
So, why did Christ say that they would “strain out a gnat and swallow a camel”?
It was because the Pharisees strove
to give the appearance of being righteous through their meticulous observance of many man-made restrictions which had been wrongly added to God’s spiritual law. For instance, among these man-made additions were
some 65 do’s and don’ts
concerning Sabbath keeping! (See “Is God’s Law ‘Bondage’ and a ‘Heavy Burden'?")
Notice now Christ’s
condemnation of the Pharisees regarding these “traditions of the elders” and “commandments of men”:
“…the Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless
they wash their hands in a special way, holding the tradition of the elders. When they come from the marketplace, they do not eat unless they wash.
And there are many other things which they have received and hold, like
the washing of cups, pitchers, copper vessels, and couches. Then the Pharisees
and scribes asked Him [Christ], ‘Why do Your disciples not walk according to the tradition of the elders, but eat bread with unwashed hands?’ He answered and said to them, ‘Well did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites, as it is written:
“This people honors Me with their
lips, But their heart is far from Me.
And in vain they worship Me, Teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.” For laying aside the commandment of God, you hold the tradition of men—the washing of pitchers and cups, and many other such things you do.’ He said
to them, ‘All too well you reject the commandment of God, that you may keep your tradition. For Moses said, “Honor your father and your mother”;
and, “He who curses father or mother, let him be put to death.” But you say, “If a man says to his father or mother, ‘Whatever
profit you might have received from me is Corban’ --- “ (that
is, a gift to God), then you no longer let him do anything for his father
or his mother, making the word of God of no effect through your
tradition which you have handed down. And many such things you do”” (Mark 7:3-13).
By their meticulous keeping of these man-made traditions, and by their
hypocritical ways, the Pharisees strove to appear righteous---although they weren’t! “For they loved the praise of men
more than the praise of God” (John 12:43). “But all
their works they do to be seen by men. They make their phylacteries
broad and enlarge the borders of their garments. They love the best places at
feasts, the best seats in the synagogues, greetings in the marketplaces, and to be
called by men, ‘Rabbi, Rabbi’" (Matt.23:5-7). Christ said that it was “for a pretense” that they made long
prayers (verse 14). In His continued rebuke, Christ declared, “Woe
to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you cleanse the outside of the cup and dish, but inside they are full of extortion
and self-indulgence…. For you are like whitewashed tombs which indeed appear beautiful outwardly, but inside are full of dead men’s
bones and all uncleanness. Even so you also outwardly appear righteous to men, but inside
you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness” (verses 25-28).
As we have seen, it is totally untrue
that the Pharisees were criticized in the New Testament for keeping God’s law. In fact, they were repeatedly criticized by Christ for not
keeping God’s law! Therefore, it is absolutely erroneous to label
someone as “Pharisaical” for their endorsment of God’s law!